How to Manage Pests
UC Pest Management Guidelines
Of the two species of katydids found in California stone fruit orchards, the forktailed katydid occurs most frequently. The nymphs and adults of the angularwinged katydid have a distinct humpbacked appearance. The forktailed bush katydid is smaller and is not humpbacked. Nymphs of both species have very long antennae that are banded black and white.
Katydids lay disc-shaped eggs in fall. The eggs of the angularwinged katydid are 0.125 to 0.15 inch long (3–6 mm), gray, and laid in two overlapping rows that form a long "tent" on the surface of twigs and branches. Forktailed bush katydid eggs are about 0.125 inch long (3 mm) and are inserted into the edges of leaves. Eggs of both species hatch in April and May. Adult katydids appear in midsummer and lay eggs from summer to fall.
The angularwinged katydid emerges in May and has only one generation a year. Forktailed bush katydids emerge about a month earlier than the angularwinged species. Eggs are laid in June and July. Some of these eggs will hatch in July and August, whereas the rest will overwinter.
Katydids may become damaging pests in orchards that have not been treated with broad-spectrum pesticides or where tillage is not used. High populations of these pests also occur in cycles, and they may cause damage one year and not the next.
Nymphs feed on leaves or fruit. Katydid nymphs tend to feed on a small section of a fruit (about 0.5 inch wide and 0.25 inch deep) before moving on to another feeding site. Hence, a few katydids may damage a large number of fruit in a short time. Feeding wounds heal over and enlarge into corky patches as the fruit expands. Damage to a young fruit can cause it to become severely distorted as it develops. Nymphs and adults also chew holes in foliage. Smaller nymphs feed in the middle of the leaf, creating small holes, whereas larger nymphs and adults feed on the leaf edge. Damage to fruit and foliage resembles that of green fruitworms.
Look for katydid damage when monitoring for leafrollers in spring (see EARLY SEASON MONITORING). Also, use a sweep net to detect populations in the orchard cover crop. It is important to treat populations early in the season if they have been a problem in the past and are detected in the orchard. Adult katydids migrate readily from adjacent orchards, and late season fruit is particularly susceptible to feeding.
and Treatment Decisions
Examine fruit on trees every other week after color break (see PREHARVEST FRUIT SAMPLES) to detect any developing problems in the orchard and take a fruit damage sample at harvest to assess the effectiveness of the current year's IPM program and to determine the needs of next year's program (see FRUIT EVALUATION AT HARVEST). Record results for harvest sample.
UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Peach
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