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How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines


Dry Beans

Fusarium Wilt (Garbanzo Beans)

Pathogen: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri

(Reviewed 8/07, updated 8/07)

In this Guideline:


SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS

In the field, lower leaf yellowing and often stunting of garbanzo bean plants are the earliest symptoms. Subsequently the plant wilts and dies. When root knot nematodes are present, symptoms are usually more severe. When the root or stem of the plant is cut tangentially with a sharp knife, the woody (xylem) tissue is dark brown. This pathogen does not ordinarily cause a root rot; however, root rots caused by other pathogens such as Pythium spp., Fusarium solani, Thielaviopsis basicola, and Macrophomina phaseolina may be associated with the disease.

COMMENTS ON THE DISEASE

Fusarium oxysporum survives in soil for several years as chlamydospores and is specific to garbanzos. The fungus is systemic and once the plant is infected, it cannot be cured.

Care should be taken to differentiate Fusarium wilt from a yellows disease caused by one or more viruses that are transmitted by aphids. The viruses will cause yellowing of the plant but the color is brighter than with Fusarium wilt. If a virus disease is suspected, the main symptom to look for is a dark brown color of the bark tissue (phloem or sugar conducting tissue) when cut open with a sharp knife.

MANAGEMENT

Long-term crop rotation (over 5 years) may help to reduce inoculum in soil. In fields with a history of Fusarium wilt, resistant cultivars should be planted. UC-15, adapted to coastal areas, and UC-27, adapted to the Central Valley, are resistant.

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Dry Beans
UC ANR Publication 3446
Diseases
R. M. Davis, Plant Pathology, UC Davis
C. A. Frate, UC Cooperative Extension, Tulare County
Acknowledgment for contributions to Abiotic Disorders:
A. E. Hall, Botany and Plant Sciences, UC Riverside
Acknowledgment for contributions to Diseases/Abiotic Disorders:
S. R. Temple, Plant Sciences, UC Davis
Acknowledgment for contributions to Diseases (viruses):
R. L. Gilbertson, Plant Pathology, UC Davis

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