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How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines


Early instar larvae of saltmarsh caterpillar.

Lettuce

Saltmarsh Caterpillar

Scientific Name: Estigmene acrea

(Reviewed 8/07, updated 8/07)

In this Guideline:


DESCRIPTION OF THE PEST

Saltmarsh caterpillar early instars are various shades of yellow-brown with long, dark hairs. Older caterpillars are densely covered with black and red hairs and often have yellow stripes running lengthwise down their bodies. Adult moths have white wings with numerous black spots on the upper surface and yellow on the undersides. These caterpillars are uncommon in lettuce unless they build up on a neighboring crop of cotton, bean, etc., and move into lettuce.

DAMAGE

Larvae feed on leaves and have caused economic losses in the past.

MANAGEMENT

To stop migrating saltmarsh caterpillars, place a barrier such as a strip of heavy aluminum foil about 6 inches high set on edge in the soil, or an irrigation ditch filled with water.

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Lettuce
UC ANR Publication 3450
Insects and Other Arthropods
E. T. Natwick, UC Cooperative Extension, Imperial County
Acknowledgment for contributions to Insects and Mites:
W. E. Chaney, UC Cooperative Extension, Monterey County
N. C. Toscano, Entomology, UC Riverside

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