How to Manage Pests
UC Pest Management Guidelines
Delayed-Dormant And Budbreak Monitoring (Table Grapes)
In this Guideline:
Monitor vines and spurs once during the delayed dormant season and once
at budbreak to check for cutworms, mealybugs,
ants, and mites. Spurs are one-year-old canes that were pruned back
to 1 to 2 buds at pruning.
Use monitoring form with detailed treatment threshold
information (example form— ).
- On a warm day (65°F or above), monitor 20
vines by looking at 5 randomly selected vines per quadrant of the vineyard. For
the best estimate of pest distribution, monitor fewer vines in more locations.
Be sure to include those areas, however, where you have noticed pests in the
- Monitor vines following
the guidelines below. For spur monitoring choose a spur on the basal portion of
a cordon closest to the crown.
- Record your
observations on a monitoring form.
||Examine 5 buds for damage (hollowed buds).
If damage is present, look for cutworms under bark, on cordons, trunk, and at soil level.
||Don't treat if less than 4% of the buds
per location are damaged.
mealybugs (grape, obscure, longtailed)
||Look for the presence of crawlers under the thin bark on spurs.
||Treat if there is an average of 1 spur or cane with crawlers for every 10 sampled.
nymphs and females under bark at graft union, in old pruning wounds in the trunk,
and below the base of the spur (old remnant egg sacs may be found). In sandy soils, look at soil level and at roots.
||Treat during the delayed dormant period
and again at bloom if vine mealybug is present. If treatment is needed, remove bark before spraying trunk and cordons.
||Look for ants. If found, look more closely for mealybugs or European fruit lecanium.
||Identify areas of concern for spring monitoring.
||Look under loose bark on spur tip for orange overwintering form of Pacific or Willamette spider mite.
||Identify areas of concern for bloom monitoring.
UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Grape
UC ANR Publication 3448
D. R. Haviland (Crop Team Leader), UC IPM Program, Kern County
W. J. Bentley, UC IPM Program, Kearney Agricultural Research Center, Parlier
J.M. Hashim-Buckey, UC Cooperative Extension, Kern County
S. Vasquez, UC Cooperative Extension, Fresno County
A. Shrestha, UC IPM Program, Kearney Agricultural Center, Parlier
C. Gispert, UC Cooperative Extension, Riverside County
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