|Disease (causal agent)
||Survival of pathogen and effect of environment
||Comments on control
(Botrytis elliptica, B. cinerea)
||Circular or oval orange or reddish
brown spots usually appear on older leaves. Under damp conditions, woolly
gray fungal spores form on spots. Brown spotting of blooms occurs. Botrytis
elliptica infects healthy tissue whereas B.
cinerea invades only dead or dying tissue.
||In plant debris. Spores are
airborne. Favored by cool, wet conditions and condensed moisture on plant parts.
||Keep humidity below 85% by heating
and ventilation. Do not use overhead irrigation. Mist blooms and foliage with
iprodione, mancozeb, or fenhexamid. more info *
(Rhizopus spp., Penicillium spp.)
||Bulb rot may be soft and mushy (Rhizopus spp.) or dry and punky (Penicillium spp.)
||In plant debris. Spores are airborne. Favored by warm storage temperatures.
||Do not injure bulbs. Store bulbs
under cool and dry conditons. Thiabendazole bulb dips usually prevents Penicillium decay.
|Fusarium bulb rot
(Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lilii)
||Lower leaves become yellow or
purple and die. Plants are stunted and of poor quality. Brown basal rot of bulb occurs, causing the scales to fall off.
||In diseased bulbs and soil. Favored by warm temperatures.
||Do not plant bulbs that show any
signs of infection. Dip bulbs in thiabendazole. Plant deep in pot to force stem roots.
||Semicircular brown areas develop along leaf margins. Leaf tips turn brown.
||Most severe in high‑acid and low‑fertility soils.
||Adjust soil pH to 6.5 or 7.0. Maintain adequate levels of nitrogen and calcium.
(Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia solani)
||Roots turn brown and rot. Plants
are stunted with yellowing of lower leaves and leaf scorch. Buds are blasted, resulting in a reduced bud count.
||In soil and on bulbs. Favored by overwatering and poor drainage.
||Drench plants with mefenoxam in
combination with thiophanate‑methyl. Mefenoxam at high rates may cause
yellowing of leaf margins of Easter lilies. more info *
||Growing points of emerging plants
are rotted. Stems of older plants are rotted, causing the plants to wilt and collapse. Roots are also frequently rotted.
||Soilborne. Spores are spread in water. Favored by poorly drained soil and overwatering.
||Steam or chemically treat soil.
Mefenoxam drenches also help control the fungus. (See root rot control, above.)
|Virus or viruslike disease
||Host range and natural spread
||Comments on control
(Cucumber mosaic virus and Lily
||Small, brown, elongated spots
appear parallel to leaf veins mostly on older leaves. Flowers are smaller and fewer than on healthy plant
||Many hosts; transmitted by aphids.
||Remove infected plants and control aphids.
(Tulip breaking virus)
||Foliage shows a slight, dark and light green mottling. Plants are usually salable.
||Spread by aphids.
||Obtain virus‑free bulbs, if
possible. Control aphids. Destroy infected plants. Root rot is more severe on virus‑infected plants.
(Lily rosette virus)
||Leaves curl downward and are flat.
Internodes are shortened, giving plants a flat rosette or cylindrical
appearance in contrast to pyramid shape of a healthy plant. Flowers fail to open correctly.
||Symptoms tend to be masked at high temperatures (above 75°F).
|Easter Lilies are also susceptible to
bunchy top (Aphelenchoides olesistis)**
and black scale rot (Colletotrichum lilii).
|* For additional information, see section on Key Diseases.
|** For additional information, see section on Nematodes.