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How to Manage Pests


Adult western malaria mosquito, Anopheles freeborni.

Managing Mosquitoes in Surface-Flow Constructed Treatment Wetlands

Section 5: Bibliography

Published 2004

Sections of this publication:

PDF to Print
  1. Introduction
  2. Treatment Wetland Siting and Pretreatment to Minimize Mosquito Production
  3. Treatment Wetland Design and Operation
  4. Recommendations for Enhancing Mosquito Abatement Efforts in Constructed Wetlands, and Conclusion
  5. Bibliography
  6. For More Information

Section 5: Bibliography

California Health and Safety Code. See Division 3, Chapter 1, Articles 4 and 5.

CH2M Hill. 1999. A mosquito control strategy for the Tres Rios Demonstration constructed wetlands. City of Phoenix, Water Services Department. Tempe, AZ: CH2M Hill.

Collins, J. N., and V. H. Resh. 1989. Guidelines for the ecological control of mosquitoes in non-tidal wetlands of the San Francisco Bay Area. Sacramento: California Mosquito Vector Control Association, Inc., and University of California Mosquito Research Program.

International Water Association. 2000. Constructed wetlands for pollution control: Processes, performance, design, and operation. IWA Specialist Group on Use of Macrophytes in Water Pollution Control Scientific and Technical Report No. 8. London, UK: IWA Publishing.

Jiannino, J. A. 2001. Evaluation of mosquito control strategies in a Southern California constructed treatment wetland. MS thesis. University of California, Riverside, Department of Entomology.

Kadlec, R. H., and R. L. Knight. 1996. Treatment wetlands. Boca Raton, FL: CRC/Lewis.

Metzger, M. E., D. F. Messer, C. L. Beitia, C. M. Myers, and V. L. Kramer. 2002. The dark side of stormwater runoff management: Disease vectors associated with structural BMPs. Stormwater 3(2):24-39.

Meyer, R. 1992. Residential encroachment on wetlands. Proceedings of the California Mosquito Vector Control Association 60:17-20.

Mulhern, T. D., ed. 1980. A training manual for California mosquito control agencies. California Department of Health, Vector and Waste Management Section. Visalia: CMCA Press.

Reed, S. C., R. W. Crites, and E. J. Middlebrooks. 1995. Natural systems for waste management and treatment. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Russell, R. C. 1999. Constructed wetlands and mosquitoes: Health hazards and management options—An Australian perspective. Ecological Engineering 12:107-124.

Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Abatement District. 1992. Wetland development and management guidelines for the control of mosquitoes. Elk Grove, CA: Sac-Yolo Mosquito Abatement District.

Schueler, T. R. 1992. Design of stormwater wetland systems: Guidelines for creating diverse and effective stormwater wetlands in the Mid-Atlantic Region. Washington, DC: Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments.

Thullen, J. S., J. J. Sartoris, and W. E. Walton. 2002. Effects of vegetation management in constructed wetland treatment cells on water quality and mosquito production. Ecological Engineering 18:441-457.

Vymazal, J., H. Brix, P. F. Cooper, M. B. Green, and R. Haberl, eds. 1998. Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Europe. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers.

Walton, W. E. 2002. Multipurpose constructed treatment wetlands in the arid southwestern United States: Are the benefits worth the risks? In J. Pries, ed., Treatment wetlands for water quality improvement: Quebec 2000 conference proceedings. Waterloo, ON: Pandora Press. 115-123.

Walton, W. E., and P. D. Workman. 1998. Effect of marsh design on the abundance of mosquitoes in experimental constructed wetlands in Southern California. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 14:95-107.

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[UC Peer Reviewed]

Managing Mosquitoes in Surface-Flow Constructed Treatment Wetlands, ANR Publication 8117
William E. Walton, Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside

Copyright © 2004 The Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. All rights reserved.

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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