Natural Enemies: Identification
Natural Enemies Listed by Scientific Name
Natural enemies are organisms that kill, decrease the reproductive potential of, or otherwise reduce the numbers of another organism. Natural enemies that limit pests are key components of integrated pest management programs. Important natural enemies of insect and mite pests include predators, parasites, and pathogens.
The UC IPM Natural Enemies Gallery includes natural enemy species commonly found on California farms and in landscapes. Additional species will be added over time.
For more information about natural enemies, purchase the Natural Enemies Handbook.
Parasites | List by common name | List by order and family name | List by pest
Insect Parasites (parasitoids)
Larval stages of insect parasites parasitize other insects, killing their hosts just as they mature. Adults are free-living wasps or flies.
|Anaphes iole, Anaphes nitens, and other Anaphes spp.
||Aphytis spp., armored scale parasites
||Bracon cushmani, grape leaffolder parasite
||Cotesia medicaginis, alfalfa butterfly parasite|
||Cottony cushion scale parasite
||Encarsia formosa, whitefly parasite
||Elm leaf beetle parasite
||Hyposoter exigua, caterpillar parasite
||Citrus mealybug parasite
||Lysiphlebus testaceipes, aphid parasite
|Tachinidae Family (Order Diptera)
||Trioxys pallidus, walnut aphid parasite
||Trichogramma spp., egg parasite
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