Cole crops can be directly seeded or transplanted into the garden. It is ideal to plant on raised
beds made by adding large amounts of soil amendments so that a bed is established above the previous
level of soil. If seeding, plant more seeds than necessary so as to make up for any losses. Plant
seeds in rows 3 feet apart depending on which crop you are planting. Push them into the soil 0.5
inch deep. Fill these holes by scratching the surface, firm the soil lightly, and cover with a thin
mulch of organic material in order to hold soil moisture. Keep moist during the germination period.
If growing cole crops during the summer months, protect seedlings from sunburn with 50% shade cloth
or two layers of floating row cover until they have about 6 leaves. When the plants are about 3 inches
high, thin to 2 or 3 of the strongest plants per hole.
For transplants, use young plants with 4 to
6 true leaves, wider than tall, stocky, succulent, and
slightly hardened to outdoor conditions. Make sure
the planting site is level. Spread and mix organic amendments
and a good granular phosphorus fertilizer over the area.
Mark where you want each plant and make the hole deep
enough to bury the stem as far as the first leaf. Place
the plant deep into the hole. Press the soil firmly around
the plant and water thoroughly to remove any air pockets.
If transplanting in the summer, shade the plants in
the middle of the day for the first week or use floating
||Distance between plants (inches)
||Distance between rows (inches)