Pruning and training
During the first year, do not harvest asparagus spears. Allow all the shoots to grow to fern for the
summer. This will build up carbohydrates in the roots and support new spear growth the following spring.
After the frost turns the ferns brown or during January if ferns are still green, prune them down to the
ground and rake them out. Dispose of the ferns rather than leaving them in the field to avoid overwintering
pests. Repeat the process each year thereafter. However, before allowing the plants to fern, you can harvest
for a period of time. To conserve garden space, the tall asparagus ferns can be supported on a trellis
made of wire.