How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes

Seasonal development and life cycle—Grape phylloxera

Phylloxera overwinter on roots as small nymphs. In spring these nymphs feed and mature. The mature forms, which are females only, deposit eggs by asexual reproduction, giving rise to several generations throughout summer and fall. Some phylloxera crawlers leave heavily infested roots and travel on the soil surface or through cracks to infest other portions of the roots or roots of other vines. At the end of September, some begin to hibernate, and by mid-December all forms hibernate. Where soil temperature does not go far below 60° F, however, feeding and reproducing forms may be found all winter. In summer and fall some winged migratory forms may be produced, but in California they are unable to reproduce and are not a factor in the dissemination of the insect. There are about five generations a year.

Life cycle

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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