How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes

Training

Young trees are pruned to develop a tree structure that supports the limbs that ultimately support the heavy fruit load during the season. The goal of training is to develop a sturdy tree and a canopy that is capable of producing large crops and fills its allotted space. Training occurs during the first 2 to 3 years after planting and should be completed before fruit is allowed to set.

Figs can be trained to the open center or delayed open center where the center is open and has 3 or 4 main scaffolds with no central leader. A delayed vase had wider spacing between scaffold branches than an open center. Because figs are prone to winter injury in colder climates, it is best to grow figs as a bush, where they can push enough new growth to produce a crop after cold injury. They should be pruned in late winter to keep in bush form by cutting back to about 8 feet. Remember that exposed limbs on young trees sunburn easily. Protect exposed limbs with a 50:50 mix of white interior latex paint and water or whitewash.

Vase shaped
A vase-shaped open center tier

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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