Young trees are pruned to develop a tree structure that
supports the limbs that ultimately support the heavy
fruit load during the season. The goal of training is
to develop a sturdy tree and a canopy that is capable
of producing large crops and fills its allotted space.
Training occurs during the first 2 to 3 years after
planting and should be completed before fruit is allowed
Cherries are typically trained to the open vase system,
where the center is open and has 3 to 4 main scaffolds
with no central leader. They may also be trained to a
modified leader, where the development of tiers radiate
out from the leader. Remember that exposed limbs on young
trees easily sunburn. Protect exposed limbs with a 50:50
mix of white interior latex paint and water or whitewash.
|A vase-shaped open center tier
Sketch of a modified leader system