How to Manage Pests
Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Young apple and pear trees are pruned to develop tree structure; this is commonly referred to as
training. The goal of training is to develop a sturdy tree and canopy that is capable of producing
large crops and fills its allotted space. Training occurs during the first 2 or 3 years after planting
and should be completed before significant fruit set is allowed.
Most apple trees are trained to the central leader system or modified leader system with the development
of tiers radiating out from the leader. It is important to remember to have the widest tiers at
the bottom and smaller, narrower tiers at the top to avoid shading the lower limbs. Pears are best
to an open center, vase or modified vase system. Because pears are highly susceptible to fire blight,
some leaders may be killed by the disease. A multiple leader system will ensure that there are
replacement scaffolds present to retain fruitfulness if some are killed out by the disease. Proper
also can help prevent disorders such as sunburn. Apples and pears are well suited to many other
training systems, including modified lorette, cordon, and espalier. See the trellising section for
on some of these training systems.
vase or multiple leader system