Why Is the Bloom Season Important to an IPM Program?
Bloom season, which extends from the green tip stage to petal fall, is the best time to manage a number of prune pests. There is not a lot of foliage at this time, making good spray coverage easier to achieve than later in the season. Also, many of the key pests are present in the trees during bloom.
Timing for some actions is based on an estimate of when a certain proportion of the flower buds are fully openfor example, 5% bloom and 10% bloom are estimates of when the first 5% or 10% of flower buds have reached the full bloom stage. For purposes of pest management, the term "full bloom" refers to the point at which the majority of flowers in the orchard are fully open; by this time some will be past full bloom, while others will be at earlier stages. The proportion of flowers that are fully open when the orchard is at full bloom can vary substantially depending on winter chilling. In high chilling years, as many as 80% of the blossoms may reach full bloom at the same time. In low chilling years, the proportion may be below 50%.
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Choice of Insecticides